The Faculty of Physics
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History

   The department of crystals physics has been founded in 1964 by outstanding physicist Jacob Evseevich Geguzin. He was the bright person. He united in himself endowments of the scientist and the artist, the teacher and the poet. It has affected formation of subjects of scientific researches, style of mutual relations between employees, teachers and students of department, on their attitude to the nature and a science, has generated in everyone worked with him and studied by him, favour to simple and beautiful experiment. He has created not only department, but widely known scientific school.

   More than 500 students from Ukraine, Russia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Germany, Yugoslavia, Vietnam and the countries of Africa have received education and have received a speciality "physics" at department. Pupils of department work in many scientific research institutes and laboratories, various educational institutions of Kharkov and Ukraine, in Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Germany, Israel, Australia, the USA.
   Now there are 3 doctors of sciences and 4 candidates of sciences work at department.
   The department is the base department of NTK «Institute of single crystals» NAS of Ukraine and has wide and effective scientific relations with many research institutes: B. Verkin Institute for Low Temperature Physics and Engineering NAS of Ukraine (Kharkov), «Institute of problems of material science» NAS of Ukraine (Kiev), Institute of crystallography RAS (Moscow), the Incorporated institute of nuclear researches (Dubna), the Center of high pressures of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Inter-regional center on use of beams of heavy ions (GANIL, France), University of Uppsala (Sweden), Bar-Ilan University (Israel).
   The basic direction of scientific researches of department and scientific directions of students, is researching of driving forces, mechanisms and kinetics of mass transfer in real crystals and on their surfaces and effects accompanying this process.
   The scientists of department for years of existence prepares and protects 8 doctor's and 43 candidate's theses, is published more than 900 articles in scientific magazines of the USSR, Ukraine and abroad. By results of researches of scientific school the following monographies are issued: «Macroscopic defects in crystals», «Physics of sintering» - two editions in our country and one in Germany, «Movement of macroscopic inclusions in crystals» - two editions, one of them in the USA, «Diffusion zone», «Diffusion processes on a crystal surface».
   For a wide range of readers books «Why and how emptiness disappears» - three editions, «Alive crystal» - four editions , «Sketches about diffusion in crystals» - three editions, "Drop" - three editions, "Bubbles" are issued in our country and abroad. All these books are marked by premiums of the "Knowledge" society.
   Now the department carries out preparation of experts on two directions: «Physics of crystals» and «Physics and technology of functional materials». The last is carried out in cooperation with NTK «Institute for single crystals» NAS of Ukraine.
   The department provides teaching the general courses «Bases of condensed matter physics» and "Physics of crystals" for students of all specializations, and also 16 courses of specialization.
   The collective of department actively enters computers in educational process and realization of scientific researches. The department computer network is created. Students have unlimited access to work on computers.